Tamil Nadu Population - Census India 2011

Tamil Nadu is one of state in India with population of 7,21,47,030. There are 32 districts, 216 Taluks, 15,979 villages and 1,109 towns in Tamil Nadu.

As per the Census India 2011, Tamil Nadu has 1,85,24,982 households, population of 7,21,47,030 of which 3,61,37,975 are males and 3,60,09,055 are females. The population of children between age 0-6 is 74,23,832 which is 10.29% of total population.

The sex-ratio of Tamil Nadu state is around 996 compared to 943 which is national average of India. The literacy rate of Tamil Nadu state is 71.85% out of which 77.59% males are literate and 66.09% females are literate. The total area of Tamil Nadu is 1,30,060 sq.km with population density of 555 per sq.km.

Out of total population, 51.6% of population lives in Urban area and 48.4% lives in Rural area. There are 20.01% Scheduled Caste (SC) and 1.1% Scheduled Tribe (ST) of total population in Tamil Nadu.

Tamil Nadu Religion Population

DescriptionPopulationPercentage
Total7,21,47,030100%
Hindu6,31,88,16887.58%
Christian44,18,3316.12%
Muslim42,29,4795.86%
Religion not stated1,88,5860.26%
Jain89,2650.12%
Sikh14,6010.02%
Buddhist11,1860.02%
Other religions and persuasions7,4140.01%

Tamil Nadu Urban & Rural Population

Out of total population, 50% of population lives in Urban area and 60% lives in Rural area
DescriptionUrbanRural
Area(sq.km)13,632.031,16,427.97
Number of households89,96,48795,28,495
Total Population3,49,17,4403,72,29,590
Population (%)50%49.83%
Male Population1,74,58,9101,86,79,065
Female Population1,74,58,5301,85,50,525
Sex Ratio1000993
Literacy (%)78.29%65.81%

List of Districts in Tamil Nadu

Check out complete list of all districts in Tamil Nadu
DistrictPopulationArea (km2)Po. DensitySex-ratio
Chennai46,46,73217526553989
Kancheepuram39,98,2524,483892986
Vellore39,36,3316,0756481007
Thiruvallur37,28,1043,3941098987
Salem34,82,0565,237665954
Viluppuram34,58,8737,194481987
Coimbatore34,58,0454,7327311000
Tirunelveli 30,77,2336,6934601023
Madurai30,38,2523,710819990
Tiruchirappalli27,22,2904,5096041013
Cuddalore26,05,9143,703704987
Tiruppur24,79,0525,187478989
Tiruvannamalai24,64,8756,188398994
Thanjavur24,05,8903,4117051035
Erode22,51,7445,760391993
Dindigul21,59,7756,036358998
Virudhunagar19,42,2884,2414581007
Krishnagiri18,79,8095,129367958
Kanniyakumari18,70,3741,68411111019
Thoothukkudi17,50,1764,7453691023
Namakkal 17,26,6013,420505986
Pudukkottai16,18,3454,6443481015
Nagapattinam 16,16,4502,5696291025
Dharmapuri15,06,8434,497335946
Ramanathapuram13,53,4454,104330983
Sivaganga13,39,1014,2333161003
Thiruvarur12,64,2772,2745561017
Theni 12,45,8992,868434991
Karur 10,64,4932,9043671015
Ariyalur 7,54,8941,9403891015
The Nilgiris7,35,3942,5652871042
Perambalur 5,65,2231,7563221003

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Tamil Nadu Population Facts

Number of Households1,85,24,982
Population7,21,47,030
Male Population3,61,37,975 (50.09%)
Female Population3,60,09,055 (49.91%)
Children Population74,23,832
Area1,30,060 km2
Population density/km2555
Sex-ratio996
Literacy71.85%
Male Literacy77.59%
Female Literacy66.09%
Scheduled Tribes (ST) %1.1%
Scheduled Caste (SC) %20.01%

Map of Tamil Nadu

Big Cities

Chennai46,46,732
Coimbatore10,50,721
Madurai10,17,865
Tiruchirappalli8,47,387
Salem8,29,267
Tirunelveli4,73,637
Ambattur4,66,205
Tiruppur4,44,352
Avadi3,45,996
Tiruvottiyur2,49,446